Floriana is situated a stone's throw away from the capital city, Valletta. The origins of Floriana date back to 1634 when Grand Master De Paule, sensing another attack by the Ottoman Turks, brought over an Italian engineer, Pietro Paolo Floriani (born in the city of Macerata, Italy), to examine the state of the Islands' fortifications. Floriana has a population of around 2,600 inhabitants: and covers an area of 133 acres, extending from City Gate to Porte des Bombes, an enceinte better known as the inner and outer defences. At its highest central point Floriana is about 125 feet above sea level. Floriana offers an immense heritage and a rich history. The buildings, churches, gardens and monuments provide an insight into Malta's political and social past from the time of the Knights of St. John to this present day.