History


The Maltese islands are the 'open air museum of the Mediterranean', offering 7,000 years or more of history to explore with numerous cultural, historical and megalithic sites unique in the world. The islands boast prehistoric ruins older than Stonehenge and the Pyramids of Egypt, and are steeped in the legacy of the medieval order of the Knights of St John, who used the island as their stronghold for defending Christendom.

Mnajdra Temples

Pre-History

5200 B.C.Arrival of Man in Malta

3200 B.C.Building of Megalithic temples

2000 B.C.Invasion of Bronze Age peoples

800 B.C.Phoenician colonization

Roman Villa

Ancient Civilisation

900 B.C.The start of the iron Age

480 B.C.Carthaginian domination

218 B.C.Roman domination after the Punic Wars

60St Paul shipwrecked in Malta

Arabs

Arabs

395Byzantine domination of Malta

870Arabs Occupy Malta

Norman House in Mdina

Normans And The Middle Ages

1090 Norman's occupation

1194 Swabian occupation

1266 Angevins occupation

1283 Aragonese occupation

1325 Establishment of a Maltese nobility

1397 Establishment of the Universita

1485 Death of Peter Caxaro

Valletta and the Grand Harbour

Knights of St.John

1530 Order of the Knights of St.John arrive in Malta

1561 Inquisition established

1565 The Great Siege of Malta by the Ottoman Turks

1566 The Founding of Valletta

French Soldier

French

1798 Napoleon Bonaparte takes Malta from the Knights

1799 Britain takes Malta

1800 The French surrender

1802 Peace of Amiens

Flags

British

1814 Malta becomes a British Crown colony

1914 - 18 First World War

1921 Amery - Milner constitution granting self-goverment

1939 - 45 Second World War, Malta is awarded the George Cross

Malta Today

Malta Today

1964 Malta Independence within the British Commonwealth

1974 Malta becomes a Republic

1979 Last British service leaves Malta

2004 Malta becomes a member of the European Union